Treating your feet
Protecting your Feet
- Red "hot spots," blisters, or sores
- Corns or calluses
- Color changes in the skin
- Cracks in the heels or dry skin
- Thick or yellow toenails
If some of these issues may occur then Contact us today.
With hammertoes, one or more toes curl or bend abnormally. This can be caused by an inherited muscle problem, an abnormal bone length, or poor foot mechanics. The affected joints can rub inside shoes, causing corns (buildups of dead skin).
There are many nonsurgical treatments for hammertoes, but if these are not effective, you may want to consider surgery.
When hammertoes are flexible, you can straighten the buckled joints. Flexible hammertoes may become rigid over time.
This treatment helps release the buckled joint. The bottom (flexor) tendon may be repositioned to the top of the affected toe (flexor tendon transfer). Sometimes, the top or bottom tendon is released but not repositioned (tenotomy).
Rigid hammertoes are fixed (not flexible). You cannot straighten the buckled joints. Corns, pain, and loss of function may be more severe with rigid hammertoes than with flexible ones.
A part of the joint is removed, and the toe is straightened. In some cases, the entire joint may be replaced with an implant. When healed, the bones become connected with scar tissue, making your toe flexible.
Healing After Surgery
The severity of your condition, number of toes involved, and type of surgery done will affect your recovery time. Many people are able to walk right after surgery with a special surgical shoe. Full healing can take several weeks. Your health care provider can advise you on what to expect after surgery.
Foot Surgery: Neuroma, Plantar Callus, Hammertoes, or Bunions
Tight shoes and high heels can place extra pressure on the ball of your foot, causing neuromas and calluses. A neuroma is an inflamed nerve. It can cause pain, numbness, or burning. A plantar callus is a buildup of hard skin on the ball of the foot. The callus may feel like a stone in your shoe.
There are many nonsurgical treatments for neuromas and calluses, but if these are not helpful, surgery may be considered.
When two metatarsal bones are squeezed together, they may pinch the nerve that runs between them. The pinched nerve can become swollen and painful. This often occurs at the base of the third and the fourth toes. Standing or walking for a while can increase the pain.
The enlarged portion of the inflamed nerve is removed. Most often, you can bear weight on your foot right away. You may have to wear a surgical shoe for a few weeks. When healed, a small area may feel numb, where part of the nerve was taken out.
When one metatarsal bone is longer or lower than the others, it presses on the skin beneath, forming a callus. Wearing shoes with thin soles and high heels can also place extra pressure on the ball of your foot. As a result, the callus may cause foot pain and irritation.
The affected metatarsal bone is cut and aligned with the other metatarsals (oblique osteotomy). Screws or pins may be used to hold the bone in position. Only part of the metatarsal bone is removed. The plantar callus should go away on its own over time.